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Goa
Home >> Travel Guide >> Goa

Goa

About Goa Travel Guide

Goa lies on the Arabian Sea along with slopes of the Western Ghats - the Sahydari range. Its seven rivers - Tricol, Chapora, Mandovi, Zuari, Sal, Talpona and Galibaga - which area navigable throughout the year flow from these ranges along the vast paddy fields and coconut and cashew plantations.

They flow west towards the Arabian Sea - 60 km away - breaking the long coastline with enchanting estuaries and bays which mark off idyllic palm-fringed beaches like Aranbol, Vegator, Anjuna, Baga, Calangute and Miramar in the north and Colva, Betul and Palolem in the south. Goa's 105-km-long coastline (with 40 beaches), is a delight for swimmers, anglers, water sports buffs, and sun-bathers. Goa has a pleasant climate throughout the year. Goa's high season is October - May and the low season June - September when it rains.

Tourist Attractions in Goa :

Panjim, Goa : The capital of Goa, Panaji is also called Panjim by the Portuguese, which means "the land that does not flood". Panaji is a laid back city situated on the southern banks of the Mandovi River, adding to its charm. Panaji is built nearby a church facing a prominent square. The beautiful Portuguese Baroque style buildings and elegant old villas remind of the European architecture.

Anjuna Beach : Bandhavgarh is also home to many species of birds. They include peacock, jungle fowl, golden and black headed orioles, yellow Ioras, red-vented bulbuls, blue green barbets and mynahs. A few species of migratory birds are also spotted during winters.

Baga Beach : It is very interesting to note that in the midst of wildlife, the ruins of 2000 years old Bandhavgarh fort is also present. The Fort has a large number of caves belonging to the pre-historic period with Brahmi inscriptions.

Calangute Beach : One of the most busiest and commercial resort of Goa, Calangute is mere 45 minutes bus ride away from the capital. This peaceful fishing village was once the hub of hippies.

Cathedral Church, Goa : The Portuguese Viceroy Redondo constructed the Se, or St. Catherine's' Cathedral, situated southwest of St. Cajetan's. This church is larger than any other church in Portugal. It took eighty years to build and was not consecrated until 1640.

A Cross Shaped Church : The largest church among the group of churches in Old Goa, this church was built on a raised pedestal of laterite, covered over with lime plaster. The church has, eight chapels alongside the aisles and six altars in its structure.

Churches :

Old Goa : 10 kms east of Panaji is Old Goa - the prime tourist attraction of the state. It was built by Adil Shah, the Sultan of Bijapur in the first decade of the sixteenth century to house his capital which he wanted to shift from Bijapur. But, Alfanso de Albuquerque made short work of it when he stormed it and took it over to make it the capital of the Portuguese possessions in India.

Basilica of Bom Jesus :
Basilica of Bom Jesus, dedicated to infant Jesus, is the most famous church in Goa. The mortal remains of Saint Francis Xavier kept in a rich casket are enshrined here, An exposition takes place once in ten years attracting visitors from all parts of the world.

Se Cathedral :
Se Cathedral, is the most imposing church in Goa - its vaulted interior overwhelms the visitors by its sheer grandeur. The church has five bells of which the Golden Bell is the most famous and the biggest in Goa. The church is dedicated to St. Catherine.

Church of our Lady of Rosary :
Church of our Lady of Rosary, is one of the earliest built churches in Goa. It bears an inscription about the reconquest of Goa by Alfanso de Albuquerque in 1510.

Rachol Seminary :
Rachol Seminary, is situated just off the banks of Mandovi River - 12 kms from Margao in south Goa. It used to be a Muslim fortress. In 1521, it passed into the hands of the Portuguese and was transformed into a Seminary. The Seminary imparts education in theology, A museum of Christian Arts is housed here.

Goa Carnival :

Goa Carnival, the most eagerly awaited festival in Goa is celebrated every year in the month of February for three days and nights. A unique and exclusive festival to Goa, Goa Carnival was introduced by the Portuguese who ruled over the state around 500 years. Initially started as a rowdy celebration by the local people, the Goa Carnival has now crossed the boundaries of the state and attracts thousands of people from almost all parts of the country. A number of events epitomizes the festival including parades with bands, dances and songs with colourful costumes, stage play, mock battles etc.

How to Reach :
By Air : Dabolim Airport situated about 30 kms from the capital city Panjim serves both national and domestic flights. A number of airline services are available including Indian Airlines, Jet Airways and Sahara Airlines. These services connect the state with other cities and states.

By Rail : Goa is further connected by the Konkan railways with the neighbouring cities and states. Major railheads are located in Margao and Vasco-Da-Gama.

By Road : Kadamba bus stand, located at Panaji, is the main bus stand that sees the checking in and out of the long distance buses. Bus services are also popular means of transportation and commutation within the cities.
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By Water : Some vessels operate between Goa and Mumbai. Besides that one can avail ferries to move into the adjacent townships.

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